Ergonomics is a science concerned with the 'fit' between people and their work. It puts people first, taking account of their capabilities and limitations, and aims to make sure that task, equipment, and the environment suit each employee. There are two factors taken into consideration - the Workplace Factor and the Human Factor.
Many parameters used by the software professional in the office, like the chair, the desk, the computer unit, flooring, lighting, noise levels and use of equipment like the telephone, should be taken in to consideration in the design. The ergonomist uses information about people, for example, their size (height, weight etc.), and then looks at demands on the individual, like strength, work timings, overuse of muscles, static holding posture and workloads. He then matches the working environment, like the chair and the workstation to the concerned individual.
Next, attention is given to the lifestyle of the employee, for example the way he sits or stands at work or whether he exercises regularly or not.
Training is given to him or her on the right posture to be adopted at work, the individualized exercises to be performed, and dietary advice and tips on stress relief are given.